9-10 Years: Grade 4

Who we are

An inquiry into the nature of the self; beliefs and values; personal, physical, mental, social and spiritual health; human relationships including families, friends, communities, and cultures; rights and responsibilities; what it means to be human.

Central Idea - In an attempt to meet human needs, societies have determined human rights and responsibilities.

Key concepts:
  • Perspective, (truth)
  • Reflection, (responsibility)
  • Responsibility (rights, initiative, citizenship)
Related concepts: communication, open-mindedness, beliefs, rights, values

Lines of inquiry:
  • Making our classroom work as a community
  • The connection between rules in a community; rights and responsibilities
  • Ways that nations and international organizations aim to protect human rights

Where we are in place and time

An inquiry into orientation in place and time; personal histories; homes and journeys; the discoveries, explorations and migrations of humankind; the relationships between and the interconnectedness of individuals and civilizations, from local and global perspectives.

Central Idea - Evidence of past civilization can be used to make connections to present day societies

Key concepts:
  • Form, (structure, difference, similarities)
  • Change (growth)
  • Connection (system)
Related concepts: Continuity, Progress, Difference, Validity

Lines of inquiry:
  • Characteristics of civilizations and societies
  • Connections between past and present
  • Implications for the future
  • Processes involved in collecting, analyzing and validating evidence

How we express ourselves

An inquiry into the ways in which we discover and express ideas, feelings, nature, culture, beliefs and values; the ways in which we reflect on, extend and enjoy our creativity; our appreciation of the aesthetic.

Central Idea - People can crate or manipulate messages to target specific audiences.

Key concepts:
  • Function, (communication)
  • Perspective, (subjectivity, opinion)
  • Reflection (interpretation)
Related concepts: Media, Advertising, Propaganda

Lines of inquiry:
  • How images, text and music are used to influence behavior of target audiences
  • Critical evaluation of messages presented in the media
  • How people respond to messages

How the world works

An inquiry into the natural world and its laws; the interaction between the natural world (physical and biological) and human societies; how humans use their understanding of scientific principles; the impact of scientific and technological advances on society and on the environment.

Central Idea - Energy maybe converted, transformed and used to support human progress.

Key concepts:
  • Form, (properties)
  • Causation, (impact)
  • Responsibility (Initiative)
Related concepts: Conservation, Transformation

Lines of inquiry:
  • Different forms of energy sources (renewable and non-renewable)
  • How energy is used (transformation)
  • Sustainable energy practices

How we organize ourselves

An inquiry into the interconnectedness of human-made systems and communities; the structure and function of organizations; societal decision-making; economic activities and their impact on humankind and the environment.

Central Idea - Economic activity reliefs on systems of production, exchange and consumption of goods and services.

Key concepts:
  • Function, (systems, role)
  • Connection, (networks, interdependence)
  • Responsibility (values)
Related concepts: Interdependence, Inequity, Fair Trade

Lines of inquiry:
  • The role of supply and demand
  • The distribution of goods and services
  • Our responsibility as consumers

Sharing the planet

An inquiry into rights and responsibilities in the struggle to share finite resources with other people and with other living things; communities and the relationships within and between them; access to equal opportunities; peace and conflict resolution.

Central Idea - Biodiversity relies on maintaining the interdependent balance of organisms within systems.

Key concepts:
  • Causation, (consequences, impact)
  • Connection, (interdependence)
  • Responsibility (initiatives)
Related concepts: Balance, Biodiversity, Interdependence

Lines of inquiry:
  • Ways in which ecosystems, biomes and environments are interdependent
  • How human interaction with the environment can affect the balance of systems
  • The consequences of imbalance within ecosystems